Trendy Slavery Innovation Fund: part 1 finish time period assessment (accessible model)


Abstract of findings

The £11 million Trendy Slavery Innovation Fund (MSIF) was launched in October 2016 to help progressive tasks tackling trendy slavery around the globe. The fund aimed to sort out the foundation causes of recent slavery, strengthen efforts to fight slavery and scale back vulnerability, and construct an proof base to raised perceive what works sooner or later.

Initiatives targeted on six targets agreed by the Inter-Departmental Ministerial Group on Trendy Slavery:

  1. Scale back Vulnerability to Exploitation

  2. Sufferer Assist and Restoration

  3. Enhance World Co-ordination

  4. Enhance Regulation, Laws and Coverage

  5. Encourage accountable enterprise and slavery-free provide chains

  6. Enhance the Proof Base

Ten tasks had been funded within the first spherical of the MSIF, accounting for £6m, and working from March 2017 – March 2019. The fund supported 7 intervention tasks and three analysis tasks.

The authors[footnote 1] of this report had been contracted as unbiased specialists, through the Stabilisation Unit, to conduct an finish time period assessment (ETR) of the ten tasks. The assessment constructed on the findings of the mid-term assessment (MTR) performed in Spring 2018, and particularly aimed to:

  • Assess the extent to which tasks achieved their goals and meant affect;

  • Determine classes for future programming on trendy slavery;

  • Assess the extent to which the MSIF has achieved outcomes associated to the six targets set out above.

The Phrases of Reference and methodology for the assessment are included in annexes I and II. Deep dives had been performed by Sasha Jesperson in Ethiopia (Retrak), Ghana (NSPCC), Nigeria (Salvation Military) and South Africa (Robust Collectively/ Alliance HR), and by Saskia Marsh in India (Freedom Fund and Goodweave), Philippines (Salvation Military) and Vietnam (NSPCC and Pacific Hyperlinks). As well as, interviews had been performed both in particular person or by skype with UK primarily based venture groups and with St Mary’s College (Saskia Marsh), College of Bedfordshire and IOM (Sasha Jesperson) and UN College (Saskia Marsh). Initiatives had been evaluated on their final result indicators, and their contribution to the targets of the MSIF utilizing the CSSF Annual Evaluation Evaluation Instrument to enhance implementers’ personal assessments of their outcomes frameworks. Reviewers have supplied broad-brush suggestions on particular person tasks for consideration by the House Workplace.

MSIF programme companions had specialist in-house recommendation and scrutiny on safeguarding susceptible adults and youngsters all through Part 1. An expert technical safeguarding adviser from the Workplace of the Youngsters’s Champion (OCC) reviewed the quarterly experiences of companions with direct service supply to youngsters and adults and supplied recommendation and proposals to strengthen safety. As a part of the general safeguarding high quality assurance course of, 5 companions’ area actions had been assessed halfway by Part 1 to offer additional recommendation to advertise the protection and welfare of susceptible people.

Reviewing safeguarding practices was not a key side of this assessment, however related factors have been famous the place recognized.

Key findings and classes learnt

Key findings and classes learnt from the assessment are summarised beneath, alongside key suggestions. Many of those findings mirror greatest follow and classes learnt relevant to quite a lot of programmatic interventions.

1. The MSIF was genuinely an innovation fund, supporting unique pondering on trendy slavery. Permitting for a extra experimental ‘start-up part’ (as Part 1 of the MSIF might be thought of) has the potential to generate essential insights into new methodologies and permit newer entrants to a thematic space a chance to reveal their ‘worth add’ – whether or not on trendy slavery or different points. For example of the previous, the MSIF has demonstrated the utility of real-time expertise to map provide chains susceptible to trendy slavery. On the latter, whereas among the grant recipients equivalent to The Salvation Military are usually not robotically related to trendy slavery programming, they’ve subsequently demonstrated their skill to offer efficient interventions on this area. Different tasks embody glorious examples of innovation, components of which might be replicated in different geographies or certainly in carefully associated thematic points.

2. Long run, built-in, multi-dimensional approaches are key to tackling advanced issues. Many of the programmes funded through MSIF, at their core, are in search of to enact behavioural change. At Annex 3, we introduce a behavioural change framework that explains how among the tasks are already doing exceptionally effectively at in search of to enact deeper, multifaceted, behavioural change throughout a number of stakeholders.

3. Proof from programming on different advanced socio-political points reveals that these multi-stakeholder approaches usually tend to be have longer ​time period affect. Trendy slavery is simply one of many thematic points excessive on HMG’s agenda. More and more HMG is in search of to focus on a few of its abroad coverage and programming on points which can be transnational in nature, contain a number of drivers and actors, entail advanced inter-dependencies between stakeholders, and are underpinned by structural deficiencies (whether or not political, or socioeconomic). To successfully reply, tasks have to be embedded in a deep contextual understanding and interact in quite a lot of actions to institute change. The tasks that had been the best had a transparent concept of change and actions that engaged with a number of levers to enact that change. The strongest of those delivered actions throughout all 4 classes of the behavioural change pyramid.

4. Nonetheless, reaching efficient and sustainable outcomes with regards to behavioural change – whether or not on trendy slavery points, or different thematic areas premised on particular person or institutional change in advanced environments, takes time: Two years (the lifecycle of Part 1 funding of the MSIF) is simply too brief a timeframe for many of the tasks to generate long run affect. That isn’t to say that tasks beneath Part 1 have failed – in reality, a number of of the implementers must be counseled for the spectacular outcomes they’ve achieved up to now, whereas taking a practical, affected person strategy to producing long term, deeper, change.

5. Failure to fully obtain among the desired outcomes and related indicators is to be anticipated; given the complexities of addressing trendy slavery, and the time it often takes to realize sustained behavioural change. Nonetheless, it’s helpful for implementers to obviously articulate the general ‘pathway to vary’, even past the present funding lifecycle, in order that donors can simply perceive the specified finish state. Conversely, some tasks had been overly formidable in what might be achieved in two years. Evaluation must be made of what’s reasonable and achievable within the given context, and according to organisational capabilities, and actions adjusted accordingly.

6. Proof reveals that probably the most profitable behavioural change programmes, whether or not on trendy slavery or different points, recognise the necessity to “work politically” in fragile abroad contexts. A sustained, subtle capability constructing strategy – needed for deeper behavioural change over time – requires a methodological ‘crimson thread’ and implementers who can navigate these political sensitivities and interact in common on the bottom work to embed and operationalise approaches.

7. Deciding on companions with the suitable mixture of expertise and expertise is thus key; whereas among the venture implementers which have obtained funding from the MSIF in Part 1 meet many of those standards, others have fallen brief. A key criterion for fulfillment is for implementing companions to have an on the bottom presence, in addition to the flexibility to take UK fashions or approaches and adapt them to native contexts.

8. Analysis and evidence-generation is essential however must be linked to tangible coverage or programmatic outcomes. It’s promising that most of the MSIF analysis tasks (or analysis parts inside tasks) sought to make use of the analysis generated to affect coverage. As such, for all research- targeted tasks, you will need to construct time into venture timeframes to sense-check findings with interviewees and interact stakeholders on the ultimate product. Typically this means of engagement is simply as, if no more, essential than the analysis product itself. Such engagement is usually time- consuming however reaps rewards as findings usually tend to resonate with goal audiences and thus extra more likely to result in observe up actions.

Key suggestions

1. For future phases, the House Workplace might take into account setting apart extra funding and time for M&E ‘upskilling’ throughout all of the grantees, doubtlessly including a session on theories of change and outcomes frameworks to the deliberate grantee workshop in June 2019.We suggest the House Workplace offers ongoing light- contact M&E steerage and help to all future grantees to make sure a standardised strategy to reporting throughout the MSIF and maximise alternatives to seize ends in a compelling and constant method.

2. The House Workplace might want to develop extra rigorous standards for assessing implementing companions’ organisational capacities and skillsets, as a part of funding standards, and for ongoing evaluation of efficiency. The tasks that included a transparent evaluation of wants, stakeholder mapping, stakeholder engagement had the strongest foundations. These standards – alongside an in- nation presence and/or robust understanding of in-country dynamics, in addition to requisite technical expertise – must be a prerequisite for any future grants supplied by the MSIF, on condition that these parts align with the proof on pre-conditions for sustainable affect.

3. Initiatives’ theories of change might be extra explicitly laid out, to incorporate key assumptions and/or underlying proof, and with clear linkages between actions, outputs and outcomes. Implementers ought to proceed to doc any key adjustments to underlying assumptions as tasks progress and embody these within the quarterly experiences.

4. Methodologies for reaching deeper behavioural change must be clearly articulated and documented, alongside which viewers/stakeholders are being focused (the behavioural change pyramid offers a method of doing so). Total, documentation ought to element the info (or assumptions) upon which sure actions are premised and clarify the ‘pathway’ by which actions in key geographical areas of relevance to UK pursuits will obtain long term affect.

5. Qualitative in addition to quantitative proof/indicators of behavioural change must be extra systematically launched into outcomes frameworks (some implementing companions are already doing this very effectively). This might be a part of the general package deal of M&E help we suggest the House Workplace offers to all recipients of Part 2 funding.

6. The House Workplace might take into account both barely longer funding cycles for future phases of as much as three years, and/or be certain that venture companions clearly articulate adjustments anticipated within the present funding interval versus over the proposed total lifecycle of the intervention. Proposals for future work might be evaluated towards the ‘behavioural change pyramid’ contemplating how they search to remodel the present state of affairs.

7. Analysis tasks ought to embody time to sensitise stakeholders to findings and construct relationships with the coverage makers and practitioners chargeable for translating analysis findings into motion. Throughout tasks and MSIF grantees, mechanisms might be shaped to share classes extra constantly. Ideas are made all through the report on mechanisms for doing so, for instance the House Workplace convening a quarterly/six month-to-month discussion board on widespread points or thematic areas. Matters embody for instance, rehabilitation help for victims, as it is a advanced challenge a number of tasks beneath the MSIF are participating with. To contribute to the broader proof base on ‘what works’, all tasks from Part 1 might be requested to submit an article to the UNU Information Hub on classes discovered from their tasks.

Challenge stage evaluation

This part offers an evaluation of particular person tasks funded beneath the MSIF.

Every part features a rating for the extent to which the venture, as per the reviewers’ evaluation, has achieved the acknowledged outcomes. These assessments draw on information supplied by the venture grantees as a part of their remaining self-evaluations, and an analysis of the symptoms supplied for the outcomes.

The scoring system – drawn from HMG’s steerage on CSSF Annual Evaluations – is as follows.

Consequence description Scale
Consequence exceeded expectation OR more likely to exceed, primarily based on good Idea of Change/proof A+
Consequence met expectation OR are on target to fulfill, primarily based on good Idea of Change/proof A
Consequence partially or unlikely to not meet expectation OR inadequate/unreliable/incomplete Idea of Change/proof to reveal probably contribution to final result B
Consequence considerably didn’t meet or unlikely to fulfill expectation OR no Idea of Change/proof to reveal probably contribution to final result C


Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Elevated variety of UK-linked firms working to finish baby and bonded labour, who’ve achieved enhanced transparency throughout their provide chains A+
Consequence 2: Lowered prevalence of kid and bonded labour in communities/industries with hyperlinks to UK firms A

Achievement of targets

Upon talking to venture employees and witnessing actions in motion it’s evident that Goodweave has been in a position to obtain actual affect. There may be robust proof that Goodweave’s methodology can, over time, produce systemic and behavioural change in several stakeholders – starting from suppliers, to people in bonded/baby labour, authorities and middlemen.

It was initially troublesome to discern how the totally different strands labored collectively/ what the logical chain between actions and outcomes was, as the speculation of change was not clearly summarised within the unique proposal. Whereas the logical chain did turn out to be obvious upon talking to employees, who can clearly articulate the venture’s general concept of change, this must be extra explicitly specified by future documentation and experiences.

Consequence 1: Goodweave has completed extraordinarily effectively in getting new firms within the garment and attire sectors excited about making use of its assurance mannequin and has signed agreements with main UK manufacturers together with Monsoon, with different partnerships e.g. with John Lewis near formal approval. As such one of many central targets of the MSIF- funded component of the venture has been achieved. As Goodweave itself factors out nevertheless, that is simply step one of a way more advanced endeavour to ensure baby or bonded labour points are recognized throughout an organization’s total provide chain in a sure nation, and the place acceptable, conflict-sensitive remedial motion is taken (merely eradicating a baby or bonded labourer from a manufacturing facility or administrative center by itself is just not an answer). Goodweave takes a holistic strategy that works preventatively with in danger communities – looping in authorities counterparts – in addition to figuring out in danger people, after which on remedial actions with people who’ve been in bonded/baby labour conditions.

Consequence 2: The reviewer took the freedom to start to rearrange and rewrite this final result to extra clearly reveal how Goodweave is contributing to systemic change in communities liable to bonded/baby labour and dealing on remedial motion with those that have already been recognized. It is a key power of Goodweave’s methodology.

Goodweave employees had been in a position to convincingly reveal the focused nature of their academic actions which can be working in communities thought of liable to baby/bonded labour, and the robust correlation between entry to schooling and breaking the cycles of kid/bonded labour. There are sturdy programs for figuring out, then monitoring in danger youngsters’s progress, even when the outcomes of those efforts are usually not captured as clearly as they might be in experiences and the outcomes framework. In future iterations of the venture it could be useful for Goodweave to incorporate qualitative in addition to quantitative indicators of behavioural change, and never simply in at-risk youngsters however with the opposite stakeholders it engages with., in order to seize among the different vastly precious work that Goodweave does in in danger communities, in collaboration with each companies and authorities counterparts.

Broader classes learnt

Implementing companions should reveal glorious understanding of determine ‘in danger’ communities and people, the place these are situated, and interact successfully with them – evidenced by buy-in from (and alter inside) affected communities.
Those that reach doing so – as Goodweave has completed – stand a better likelihood of producing long run sustainable affect.

Failure to fully obtain among the desired outcomes and related indicators is to be anticipated; given the complexities of addressing trendy slavery, and the time it often takes to realize sustained behavioural change. Nonetheless, it’s helpful for implementers to obviously articulate the general ‘pathway to vary’, even past the present funding lifecycle, in order that donors can simply perceive the specified finish state. This additionally will increase the chance of donors being prepared and in a position to fund longer-term interventions.

Implementers ought to search for methods of capturing qualitative in addition to quantitative indicators of behavioural change throughout the assorted classes of stakeholders they’re participating with.

The Freedom Fund

Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Strengthened neighborhood constructions and empowerment of affected inhabitants A+
Consequence 2: Households are higher in a position to help themselves financially A+
Consequence 3: Elevated civil society capability for sustained and efficient anti-slavery motion A+
Consequence 4: Victims of slavery are liberated (both by one-off rescue occasion or elementary adjustments in relationship with their employer) A+
Consequence 5: Elevated variety of arrests and convictions of traffickers and slaveholders A
Consequence 6: Strengthened authorities security nets, improved effectiveness of presidency anti-slavery constructions and improved stakeholder coordination A+
Consequence 7: Heightened public and media consideration to the difficulty (as a needed catalyst for presidency motion) A+
Consequence 8: The affect of this system on slavery prevalence is assessed and probably the most efficient and progressive anti-slavery interventions are recognized. A
Consequence 9: Programme outcomes, findings on the best and progressive interventions, and estimated change in prevalence charges are disseminated to the worldwide anti-slavery neighborhood. A+

Achievement of targets

The venture’s general goals are formidable, as is mirrored by the a number of outcomes which can be listed. That is optimistic; though greatest follow on theories of change and related outcomes frameworks would usually advocate for fewer outcomes (3-5 is a tough benchmark for tasks of this complexity). A number of of the outcomes above would as a substitute be grouped, and people which can be arguably outputs relatively than outcomes would then feed into these outcomes.

Presentational features apart, Freedom Fund and its companions have achieved spectacular progress throughout all of the outcomes above. In almost all circumstances the venture has achieved the outcomes it meant to beneath the result indicators listed. Full ‘success’ in totally reaching the overarching desired outcomes would, as famous beforehand, be unrealistic inside a two-year venture cycle, given the complexity of the problems the venture is trying to sort out.

Freedom Fund’s intervention may be categorized as working with broader susceptible communities, in danger people in addition to people who’ve already been positioned in bonded/baby labour or intercourse trafficking work. As such the venture works throughout the intervention classes within the behavioural pyramid launched earlier, and trying to sort out trendy slavery holistically, which is essentially a long-term endeavour. Total, the venture represents a wonderful mixture of leveraging deep contextual information and grassroots engagement (through the native companions) with a strategic lens on collectively determine and deal with key systemic gaps that contribute to or allow trendy slavery (supplied by the Freedom Fund). For instance, the Fund and its companions work carefully with authorities companions to make sure present laws and authorities schemes to handle among the drivers of recent slavery are successfully applied. There may be robust proof of the venture enabling behavioural change in communities, people and different key change brokers together with related authorities counterparts – additional examples are supplied beneath the Influence sub-section beneath.

Broader classes learnt

A key power of this venture’s methodology is that native companions have been engaged on neighborhood engagement with marginalised, susceptible populations in India for many years, and already possess productive working with authorities officers. Freedom Fund offers among the extra technical experience round trendy slavery points and a ‘large image’ outlook that helps guarantee strategic alignment between totally different actions, additionally primarily based on experience and proof exterior the Indian context.

Probably the most progressive components of the venture is the motion analysis methodology the Fund and its companions use. This strategy trains native facilitators (sourced from goal in danger communities) to assist communities themselves determine the problems of their neighborhood which have resulted in them being drawn in into bonded/baby labour and trafficking.

Communities decide concrete methods of collectively tackling the problems. This give attention to at- danger communities empowering themselves is really transformative. The ideas of this strategy might be utilized to a number of different advanced issues that HMG interventions are in search of to resolve.

The Freedom Fund and its companions don’t underestimate the challenges in in search of to impact sustainable change. Nonetheless there may be a lot advantage within the ‘hotspot’ strategy adopted, which offers intensive help to a handful of in danger communities at a time to permit them to ‘exit’ out of recent slavery, whereas working with authorities officers to fulfil their function extra successfully and guarantee suggestions loops between on the bottom actions and policy-level engagement.


Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Elevated capability of execs and neighborhood to determine types of baby Trendy Slavery B
Consequence 2: Involving youngsters and younger folks in anti-child trafficking work to affect and lift consciousness of baby trendy slavery C

Achievement of targets

The affect of this venture is most obvious within the elevating of consciousness of kid trendy slavery. In consequence, a variety of execs at the moment are geared up with the abilities to determine victims of trafficking and exploitation. In northern Ghana, the venture has additionally been efficient in stopping youngsters from travelling and being liable to exploitation and abuse. Different components of the venture haven’t been as profitable as hoped for the explanations mentioned beneath.

Whereas the reviewers word {that a} concept of change wasn’t a requirement of the venture, outcomes have been combined as a result of core assumptions, intermediate steps and parts of the general venture design and concept of change have shifted or haven’t been totally articulated.

NSPCC needed to alter their unique venture proposals, and consequently the parameters of the venture have modified. Within the case of Vietnam particularly, there seem like totally different views as to the size of kid trafficking issues vis a vis UK pursuits and the way greatest to handle these. A key lesson right here is that HMG and implementers ought to ideally develop a shared, evidence-based, understanding of the particular issues a venture seeks to handle early within the implementation course of. Any subsequent adjustments to underlying assumptions must be documented.

Methodologies/actions underpinning outcomes weren’t totally fledged, or couldn’t be performed, and as such outcomes have been marked down. For instance, ad-hoc coaching alone is unlikely to realize extra strategic behavioural change outcomes in frontline practitioners – whereas they might be higher positioned to determine types of baby trendy slavery, remodeling this into motion to sort out trendy slavery requires extra actions.
NSPCC’s abroad presence and its reliance on native companions means there have been gaps between actions and the general affect of the venture has not been as robust as hoped.

Broader classes learnt

The venture is targeted on consciousness elevating, primarily participating in actions that match inside Class III of the behavioural change pyramid. That is needed due to the restricted response in each Ghana and Vietnam, which implies important groundwork is required to encourage motion. Nonetheless, extra effort is required in Class IV to make sure measures are in place to reply appropriately when circumstances are recognized.

NSPCC engaged in quite a lot of actions to boost consciousness of kid trafficking and exploitation. The strategy to consciousness elevating was multifaceted – coaching professionals to have the ability to determine types of baby trendy slavery, sensitising communities by interactive theatre, focusing on youngsters in colleges by golf equipment and thru the creation of core teams. Total the venture experimented with totally different approaches to various impact.

Whereas the venture had some success in elevating consciousness, challenges arose when turning this consciousness into motion. In Northern Ghana, the place tackling trendy slavery means stopping youngsters from travelling there was extra scope for fulfillment. Nonetheless, in Accra the place youngsters have already been trafficked/ exploited, there are few formal mechanisms to reply, which undermines identification.

Whereas consciousness elevating is a vital element of the response to trendy slavery, the sort of programming must be accompanied by an evaluation of the pathways to help when people are recognized. When none exist, or those who do exist are insufficient, as within the case of Ghana, tasks additionally want to incorporate actions that search to vary this. This might embody advocacy to enhance the federal government response, direct service provision, or partnerships with service suppliers.

Sustainable capability constructing requires a capability to embed insurance policies and/or processes and elicit, at a number of ranges, behavioural change inside native actors or establishments chargeable for proudly owning actions. This in flip requires implementing companions to have an on the bottom presence, in addition to the flexibility to take UK fashions or approaches and adapt them to native contexts. Expertise (and proof) from throughout the worldwide improvement sector reveals that technical experience alone is just not ample in producing lasting outcomes in advanced environments, and that interventions have to be aware of the political economies of the goal nations.

Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Human trafficking consciousness media marketing campaign, academic movie and outreach actions elevate consciousness of human trafficking in Vietnam and UK B
Consequence 2: 70% of 120 recipients graduate from vocational coaching applications A+
Consequence 3: Elevated expertise and improved functionality of regulation enforcement and prison justice businesses to determine and stop trendy slavery and shield victims C
Consequence 4: Manufacturing unit employees lower vulnerability to HT, with coaching contributors reporting improved information on human trafficking definition, dangers, shield oneself, report it, and alternate options to going abroad to hunt work B
Consequence 5: Monetary literary app decreases vulnerability to trafficking C
Consequence 6: Enhance proof base on trafficking from Vietnam to the UK in English and Vietnamese A
Consequence 7: Strengthened information of key stakeholders on trafficking of Vietnamese youngsters and grownup perpetrators/victims and routes together with transit nations A

Achievement of targets

Total this venture has had a combined efficiency. The youth consciousness elevating classes are the strongest component of the Basis’s actions. These classes and accompanying footage/campaigns have actually reached giant numbers, and the Basis has completed effectively to extend protection by superstar ‘influencers’.

Nonetheless, the venture would have benefitted from specializing in fewer desired final result areas, and extra carefully defining precisely what it wished to realize, and by what means, in these areas. The intermediate steps, preconditions and assumptions underpinning the venture’s concept of change – or put one other approach, the methodological ‘crimson thread’ behind totally different exercise strands – should be additional articulated. Each the House Workplace and Pacific Hyperlinks might have made intermediate steps or outcomes (often known as outputs) extra clearly outlined, and strengthened the symptoms.

Broader classes learnt

Challenge documentation should articulate the logical thread between the issue or want actions try to handle, and the way and why the actions are greatest positioned to handle these issues. The place attainable these have to be primarily based on proof, or at minimal clearly outlined hypotheses. This helps implementers frequently check, and alter, programming parts as a venture progresses. It additionally helps donors and different key stakeholders perceive what progress is being achieved.

Trendy slavery is a fancy phenomenon. It’s important to match ambition by way of desired outcomes with the mandatory sources (human in addition to monetary) and capabilities, by way of implementing accomplice skillsets. Whereas specifics will rely on the context and exact issues a venture is attempting to handle, typically the ‘greatest’ tasks on this area are comparatively small-scale to start with and look to pilot and check approaches earlier than in search of to scale up or broaden into a number of exercise areas.


Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Elevated consciousness amongst youngsters of keep away from changing into a sufferer of trendy slavery and elevated consciousness amongst caregivers and neighborhood members of shield youngsters from changing into victims A
Consequence 2: Law enforcement officials and Prosecutors are engaged within the challenge of baby exploitation and talk about methods of addressing it A+
Consequence 3: Victims (youngsters who’ve migrated and/or are in exploitative home work) present improved wellbeing after receiving help providers and/or being positioned in a household context (household or various care) A
Consequence 4: Stakeholders (employers, home employees and brokers) reveal an improved understanding of recent slavery A+

Achievement of targets

Consequence 1: The MTR reported that this final result was partially on monitor, and within the remaining 12 months of the venture it has been totally achieved. This trajectory is to be anticipated because it takes time to ascertain self-help teams and baby safety golf equipment, and so they should be firmly in place earlier than any affect is achieved.

A self-help group in Offa woreda was visited through the analysis. On the outset, the group was hesitant to kind as there was unfavourable experiences with comparable programmes, however they now report that they couldn’t return. The group visited had been lively since November 2017 and members reported that by saving and changing into extra economically secure, they had been in a position to hold their youngsters at school. The financial savings books confirmed that the quantity members had been saving elevated over time, and 9 members had taken loans – one to pay her son’s college charges, one to open a store in the neighborhood, and one other to purchase a goat. Members reported an angle change – as a gaggle they encourage one another, and the place beforehand they didn’t care if their youngsters left the village, they now inspired them to remain at school. The self-help teams are evaluated by Retrak by offering tales of probably the most important change, which is agreed upon by the group.

Yakima main faculty in Offa woreda was additionally visited, which has a baby safety membership. The college has recorded a lower in drop outs – from 5% in 2008 to 1.7% in 2018/19. Mentors for the membership have been skilled on youngsters’s rights, assessing the wants of kids and organise the membership. The membership discusses life on the road and train different youngsters – presenting on assemblies by drama, music and information. There may be additionally engagement with native authorities leaders, neighborhood leaders and oldsters.

The kid safety golf equipment have had a gender imbalance, highlighted within the achieved goal for indicator 1.2. Whereas this doesn’t undermine the target as a complete, Retrak did determine why women had been much less concerned and have taken steps to handle this, empowering them to turn out to be extra lively. Nonetheless, the timeframe of the venture was too brief for the numbers to vary considerably.

Consequence 2: Coaching was supplied to prosecutors and different professionals in 12 months 1, however the state of emergency prevented the discharge of police for coaching. A 3 day workshop was held in November 2018 with 22 police in attendance. The workshop ended up being a high-level occasions with the Higher Manchester Police concerned, additionally together with the regional police commissioner, Legal professional Normal’s division, the Anti-Trafficking Taskforce and the Higher Migration Administration programme. The workshop facilitated linkages on trafficking and slavery.

Consequence 3: Ladies escaping home servitude or industrial intercourse work are accommodated in Lydia lighthouse and obtain holistic care – shelter, meals, well being care, catch up schooling, life expertise coaching and psychological help. Stays at Lydia Lighthouse are meant to be brief – 2-3 months – earlier than reintegrating the women again with their households. Accordingly, the programme is intensive, however carefully monitored to make sure women wellbeing is enhancing. All the women have wished to go residence, so the workforce engages in household tracing, after which conducts parenting coaching and offers help to households by livelihoods coaching. Observe ups are performed each 3 months for two years to make sure women are adapting and stay at school. The help is intense, so can solely goal a small variety of women, however the final result is extra sustainable consequently.

As a result of the centre depends on referrals, the method of figuring out women was sluggish to start with, as exploitation of ladies is just not a broadly mentioned challenge. Nonetheless, the numbers of referrals have steadily elevated as different actions had been performed to extend consciousness of home work and exploitation. It’s probably that Retrak will obtain or come near reaching the goal. Nonetheless, the standard of help supplied has been excessive, with very skilled and dedicated employees in Lydia Lighthouse. Safeguarding points have additionally been totally thought of, with insurance policies and procedures put in place.

Supply of the venture has additionally been hindered by the political state of affairs in Ethiopia. A State of Emergency was in place between February and June 2018 after the Prime Minister resigned, which made a number of actions troublesome, notably reintegration of ladies as Retrak employees couldn’t depart Addis Ababa. The shortcoming to journey additionally meant Lydia Lighthouse was unable to take new women.

Consequence 4: Neighborhood conversations had been held between August and December 2018. Though the numbers counsel the venture has exceeded their goal dramatically, not all contributors attended all the classes. Nonetheless, there may be numerous contributors that did, and a joint neighborhood dialog was held in December 2018 to convey all the stakeholders collectively. Through the analysis go to, a spotlight group dialogue was held with a cross part of employers, home employees, brokers and facilitators. Though there might have been some challenges to home employees talking freely within the firm of their employers, there have been experiences that the relationships had improved – from each the employers and home employees. Brokers had an elevated consciousness of the rights of home employees, as did employers, and an settlement had been developed because of the neighborhood conversations to formalise the connection and set out these rights to minimise the danger of exploitation, the settlement is signed by the employer and home employee.

Broader classes learnt

Drawing on earlier expertise working with road youngsters, the speculation of change deems that the creation of a tradition the place baby rights are acknowledged, making home work authorized and rights respecting will end in sustainable change the place home work is managed and younger women are usually not exploited. It is a softer, long-term strategy that can not be achieved in two years. The stability of particular person help and techniques to remodel the dynamics of home work begins a shift to realize this, however it’ll take extra time to consolidate the shifts. For instance, with the Self-Assist Teams, 12 months 1 created social cohesion amongst group members, 12 months 2 is when the financial advantages started to be realised, however it’ll take one other 12 months or two for these outcomes to be multiplied and cemented. This isn’t a criticism nevertheless, as these kind of interventions take time to consolidate as famous earlier, and throughout the venture timeframe important outcomes have been achieved that match inside class I and II of the behavioural change pyramid – indicating a focused strategy to altering attitudes and behaviours.

There a a number of classes to be drawn from Retrak’s venture:

  • Implementers which can be already working within the nation/ space of implementation have a great understanding of the context and dynamics inside which they are going to be working. In Ethiopia, this ensured the venture was in a position to navigate the political adjustments that occurred within the nation over the implementation interval, but in addition that the actions had been primarily based on classes discovered from different tasks.

  • Initiatives with a easy concept of change, with a number of methods to realize that concept of change are the best. This kind of strategy permits for methods that progress at a distinct tempo, and goal totally different levers, however contribute to an overarching intention.

  • Initiatives that interact with all classes of the behavioural change pyramid to an extent have probably the most potential for sustainable change. By participating a number of levers, Retrak didn’t count on to realize the specified final result by one avenue, however from a number of approaches coming collectively. Concentrating on totally different stakeholders additionally creates a momentum for change.

The Salvation Military

Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Elevated consciousness of and adjusted attitudes and behaviours in the direction of trendy slavery inside goal communities A
Consequence 2: Lowered re-trafficking of and elevated high quality of life for victims of recent slavery A
Consequence 3: Bettering the proof base by enhanced understanding of Trendy Slavery in-country and sharing greatest follow responses A

Achievement of targets

Consequence 1: One very optimistic component to the TSA strategy within the Philippines is that they interact carefully with authorities counterparts. For instance, consciousness elevating is finished through municipal officers who assist choose colleges. Nonetheless, as famous beneath the Relevance part beneath, focusing on (and messaging) might be improved. For schoolchildren/minors, the important thing challenge is the potential for on-line sexual exploitation relatively than being trafficked/ending up in exploitative labour for instance. With susceptible communities the place folks (largely ladies) depart to turn out to be home employees and find yourself being exploited, there’s a sense that some people in communities could also be extra conscious. Nonetheless, that doesn’t cease them taking exploitative jobs once more in future, and others in the neighborhood are nonetheless principally unaware of the danger of exploitation. Breadth has been achieved by way of the variety of occasions, however this doesn’t equate to depth or translate to deep behavioural change in probably the most susceptible or at-risk communities. Whereas it might be unrealistic to realize such deeper change in two years, thought must be given as to how this could be factored into future phases, for instance by maximising the Anti-Slavery Champions and honing in on extra susceptible communities and galvanise communities to take extra motion/tasks themselves (see later suggestions on this level).

In Nigeria, the method of elevating consciousness was additionally sluggish to begin, with the primary 12 months targeted on constructing relationships as a way to create platforms for consciousness elevating. This delay nevertheless was fairly helpful, because it gave time for the analysis to be performed, which created a greater understanding of the dynamics and context and allowed for the strategy to turn out to be extra focused. This was evident in Ivue, the place the emphasis was on younger males in search of to journey to Libya. Accordingly, consciousness elevating targeted extra strongly on that than sexual exploitation of girls and women in that location. As with the Philippines, numerous occasions have been held, however this has not resulted in giant scale behaviour change. Nonetheless, given the beforehand optimistic neighborhood notion in the direction of trafficking, the shift to grasp the dangers is a major step alongside the behavioural change spectrum and signifies a necessity to keep up the strategy to galvanise neighborhood perceptions and behaviours. The results of the attention elevating has resulted in an elevated reporting of circumstances, however this can not solely be attributed to the venture, as different initiatives are additionally underway.

Consequence 2: The wording of the general final result assertion, notably relating to re- trafficking, must be reassessed because the MTR famous. Nonetheless, throughout the ‘indicators’ set out within the outcomes framework, TSA has achieved good progress. Because the host household mannequin was new and progressive, sluggish take up is to be anticipated, as these kind of fashions take time to ‘mattress in’. Spending time on producing belief is important to the long-term success of the intervention and as such TSA has constructed very robust foundations for future success. To mitigate the preliminary lack of take up for the host household programme, TSA was in a position to leverage its community of officers, drawing on TSA’s basis as a membership organisation the place members volunteer their providers for public good. Even with TSA members there was initially reluctance to be concerned, however as soon as the programme was up and working, the suggestions from each host households and survivors has been optimistic. Additionally, seeing the mannequin in follow has additionally inspired different households exterior the TSA community to volunteer for the following spherical of coaching. As such, it seems that after a sluggish begin, host households are gaining momentum. It will should be monitored in future, but when profitable it presents a low price and extra tailor-made various to direct help.

Consequence 2 additionally supplied restoration help for survivors, together with psycho-social help, in addition to restoration help by enterprise arrange, expertise coaching, schooling and employment help. The TSA strategy differs from different livelihoods approaches in its individualised case administration strategy that identifies the wants of every particular person. There are additionally 12 months of observe up help, which for companies which can be arrange features a give attention to enterprise technique, advertising and marketing and so forth to extend income. Whereas solely 33% of survivors are self-reliant in 12 months, it is a important achievement and is extra an indicator or over-optimism in the beginning of the venture than a failure of the technique.

Consequence 3: The situational and desires evaluation in Nigeria was important as a way to tailor the actions of the venture, and its strategy has been strengthened consequently. The conferences have been held, however their usefulness is unclear, and in Nigeria the sources for one more convention had been redirected in the direction of capability constructing for college students and lecturers, as it might have a better affect. The creation of stakeholder networks continues to be a piece in progress. In Nigeria, the Joint Stakeholder Discussion board has improved referrals, created a knowledge financial institution the place organisations submit experiences, and elevated collaboration amongst organisations beneath the path of NAPTIP. Within the Philippines, TSA enjoys excellent relationships with authorities officers and constructions engaged on anti-trafficking (see e.g. the PIACAT constructions referenced within the outcomes framework). It was clear that authorities counterparts view TSA as including worth to their very own efforts to sort out labour exploitation.
The grassroots neighborhood conferences are an space for future enchancment.

Broader classes learnt

TSA’s strategy relies on a concept of change that believes empowered and resilient communities and survivors are protected towards human trafficking. The venture assumes that guided consciousness and advocacy will change the angle and behaviours of communities to turn out to be extra protecting and supportive; the company and wellbeing of survivors will enhance by engagement with help providers and host households; and the response will turn out to be extra coordinated by partnership. The specified outcomes are formidable in each Nigeria and the Philippines. In Nigeria, communities have typically been supportive of trafficking due to the remittances it brings and disapprove of survivors coming residence empty-handed. On this context, the work of TSA has moved communities alongside a spectrum of angle change, and sustained engagement will transfer into behaviour change.

The preventative work principally engages with class III of the behavioural change pyramid – taking a broad strategy to vary neighborhood perceptions in the direction of trafficking. Nonetheless, the work with AHT champions and motion teams strikes in class II as it’s extra focused and goals to create motion. Direct help matches inside class I, and work with authorities and non-government stakeholders engages with class IV. Accordingly, the venture is holistic, participating at every stage to the extent attainable.

The implementation of TSA’s mannequin in Nigeria offers an instance of interact with an intractable downside. Notably as many individuals view human trafficking positively, it’s troublesome to search out entry factors to vary perceptions to the extent that trafficking is decreased. The TSA venture was primarily based on a granular understanding of the dynamics of the trafficking business as a way to determine transfer communities step-by-step alongside a spectrum of behaviour change, beginning with perceptions in the direction of trafficking and edging in the direction of behavioural change.

As with Retrak, participating with a number of levers and goal teams throughout the 4 classes of the behavioural change pyramid was additionally efficient for creating sustainable change by not counting on one goal group. There may be potential that every goal group may also spur on motion amongst different goal teams.

Stronger Collectively

Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: A rise in accountable companies within the South African fruit and wine sectors that know forestall and sort out trendy slavery of their provide chains, and improve their collective responses by sharing greatest follow A+
Consequence 2: Elevated engagement between worldwide retailers/consumers and suppliers within the South Africa fruit and wine industries results in adjustments in enterprise follow that can assist to stop and sort out trendy slavery A
Consequence 3: Lower in vulnerability to changing into a sufferer of recent slavery of employees within the fruit and wine business in South Africa A
Consequence 4: Enhanced understanding of prevalence and nature of recent slavery in South African fruit and wine sectors A

Achievement of targets

As with most of the tasks, the outcomes framework doesn’t do justice to the achievements of the tasks, which may be damaged down into three complementarity approaches set out beneath. The first problem in measuring the outcomes of outputs 2, 3 and 4 is on how that is measured. Stronger Collectively’s venture may be organised round three pillars.

1. 1Stakeholder leg, which broadly corresponds with final result 2. This concerned the institution of three steering teams:

  • worldwide retailers and worldwide importers/exporters (e.g. Berryworld) and a South Africa retailer (Woolworths)
  • An area enterprise discussion board meets each six weeks and brings collectively the important thing business our bodies (VINPRO, SIZA, WIETA) and South Africa companies (e.g. Ceres Cascade Farms)
  • A Multi-stakeholder discussion board meets quarterly and was established to convey collectively treatment companions, Division of Labour, Division of Agriculture, commerce unions and lecturers
  • Establishing these networks took longer than anticipated due to the scepticism in the direction of labour exploitation, however their institution has been important to develop a collaborative strategy that entails all the totally different gamers.

2. Consciousness leg, which corresponds to outcomes 1, 3 and 4. This included the 62 workshops for producers and senior managers. As with the stakeholder leg, uptake was initially sluggish, however demand elevated because the venture progressed, with the ultimate workshops being oversubscribed.

3. Treatment leg – this was developed all through the venture, arising from the popularity that with out recourse the primary two parts weren’t as highly effective. Stronger Collectively recognized present mechanisms that would reply to labour exploitation, creating treatment pathways – on farm treatments, business treatments and provincial/ nationwide treatments that tapped into the human trafficking helpline in addition to a particular regulation enforcement unit. Treatment workshops had been delivered in 6 provinces. Treatment was additionally constructed into the workshops, encouraging contributors to determine exploitation and take into account take care of the case.

Broader classes learnt

Stronger Collectively’s strategy was primarily based on a holistic concept of change – improve consciousness of the subject by utilizing the suitable stakeholders to get the suitable folks within the room for the suitable coaching, give that coaching sustainability with a treatment and exploitation will lower.

Due to the start line, a lot of what Stronger Collectively has been in a position to obtain has been attitudinal change throughout the wine and fruit industries (class III). Nonetheless, working by SIZA and WIETA linking trendy slavery to the audit course of (class II) and offering treatments (class I) begins to create behaviour change. Nonetheless, shifting totally alongside this spectrum will take longer than the two years already applied.

As with NSPCC, the core focus of Stronger Collectively’s strategy was on consciousness elevating to get labour exploitation greater on the agenda earlier than pushing for change too quick and too quickly. Nonetheless, the important thing lesson from Stronger Collectively’s work is that this must be paired with extra actions to create constructions to help behaviour change.
Primarily this was completed by offering simple steerage to companies on the steps they will take to scale back the danger of pressured labour of their enterprise and provide chain. The venture additionally developed treatment pathways, additionally shifting in the direction of measures to evaluate compliance with trendy slavery necessities.

One other lesson was strategy trendy slavery in a rigorous approach that requires behavioural change in a approach that’s non-confrontational and brings key companions alongside. The venture supply companions SIZA and WIETA are related to auditing, however the venture was framed as ‘past audit’, with the intention to be supportive of enterprise guaranteeing their involvement by steering teams that shared studying and greatest follow.

Analysis tasks

Notice that the reviewers didn’t communicate to stakeholders apart from the analysis companions themselves: as such all of the feedback beneath are primarily based on cellphone interviews with related venture managers and a assessment of accessible documentation. Saskia Marsh undertook the critiques of the St Mary’s College and UNU tasks, given Sasha Jesperson’s earlier involvement with each.

St Mary’s College

Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: the report addresses gaps within the present proof base on efficient regulation responses to trafficking and slavery A+
Consequence 2: dissemination of proof gathered to tell efficient regulation enforcement responses A

Achievement of targets

Total this venture has the markings of a low price, but extremely related analysis venture that gives the House Workplace and different interlocutors with helpful information on which to base future coverage/programming choices.

As may be seen from the desk above and reflecting factors made within the MTR, at which level the venture was already near completion, this analysis venture has achieved meant targets beneath final result space 1. The analysis undertaken by St Mary’s was in response to a clearly outlined wants/information gaps, and the College has made good use of its Advisory Board (drawn from throughout HMG, the non-public sector, sufferer help organisations and material specialists on anti-trafficking) as a method of guaranteeing the analysis remained aware of these wants.

On final result 2, because the college itself famous, there may be extra that might be completed to make sure the analysis generated is leveraged to tell/affect regulation enforcement responses. (Notice that extra funding and time/effort to rearrange the mandatory fora for added info exchanges can be needed for this final result space be met extra totally; and for the small sum of money the venture has price the House Workplace, it has already carried out very effectively).

St Mary’s acknowledged that it had obtained very optimistic suggestions from some in-country interlocutors upon presenting its findings, and that there was proof of the analysis producing not simply new information however the potential for brand spanking new responses from regulation enforcement businesses. For instance, German regulation enforcement interviewees acknowledged that due to the analysis they noticed an elevated want for collaboration with UK counterparts.

Broader classes learnt

For all research-focused tasks, you will need to construct time into venture timeframes to sense-check findings with interviewees and interact stakeholders on the ultimate product. Typically this means of engagement is simply as, if no more, essential than the analysis product itself. Such engagement is usually time-consuming however reaps rewards as findings usually tend to resonate with goal audiences and thus extra more likely to result in observe up actions. This is applicable throughout all analysis tasks.

College of Bedfordshire

Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Current information and proof on vulnerabilities and resilience to human trafficking to human trafficking in Albania, Nigeria and Vietnam is consolidated, synthesised and shared A+
Consequence 2: The analysis venture builds on and contributes to the present proof base on vulnerabilities and resilience to human trafficking in Albania, Nigeria and Vietnam and the help wants of people that have skilled human trafficking are higher understood A+

Achievement of targets

College of Bedfordshire/ IOM’s analysis was inductive from the outset, in search of to create a wealthy, nuanced and contextual understanding of human trafficking – exploring, mapping and seeing the massive image. The venture used the IOM case work mannequin as a analysis framework to map particular person lived experiences and used a timeline to map the structural adjustments which have influenced trafficking from the three nations.

The Shared Studying Occasions sought to interact with the indigenous proof base, utilizing the information of native researchers and organisations. These occasions aimed to evaluate what was already identified earlier than information assortment enhanced the proof base.

The moral strategy developed by the analysis workforce contributed to the trendy slavery response, as there are few tips on interact in analysis, notably with people affected by trendy slavery. College of Bedfordshire/ IOM developed moral eventualities and unpacked do analysis and the potential of interpersonal violence with the intention of constructing a tradition of ethics with stakeholders engaged within the venture.

United Nations College

Consequence Rating
Consequence 1: Creation of a world information platform for information and coverage proof that’s used to help the work of stakeholders, particularly policy-level actors, tackling trendy slavery A+
Consequence 2: Development of understanding of proof base on ‘what works’ in tackling trendy slavery A+
Consequence 3: Influence of the Platform on policy-level selections A+

Achievement of targets

That is an formidable (and comparatively costly) venture, however one which has made excellent progress in offering a extremely seen residence for prime calibre analysis related to the trendy slavery agenda.

Constructed into the speculation of change is the notion that the analysis ought to result in influencing how governments and different stakeholders deal with trendy slavery points. That is optimistic, and the venture has begun to make good progress in the direction of this objective too. As such it’s greater than ‘simply’ a pure analysis venture and it’s clear a lot thought has gone into guaranteeing the venture, over time, achieves extra strategic outcomes that search to realize behavioural change, by way of improved determination making, in policymakers and practitioners. The reviewers can solely encourage extra of those ‘analysis plus’ fashion interventions.

The related outcomes framework for the venture and indicators employed are effectively constructed and sturdy, and once more emphasise that the venture doesn’t search to easily generate analysis for analysis’s sake. Throughout the result indicators beneath final result areas 1, 2, and three the venture may be stated to have achieved its meant targets within the present part, whereas recognising that there’s nonetheless some option to go till the platform achieves deeper outcomes linked to the result areas. That is completely comprehensible: it’ll take extra time than the two-year span of Part 1 funding for the platform to actually affect policy-level selections, particularly as there have been some delays in getting the platform up and working, for instance as a result of UN procurement guidelines.

There are potential small areas for enchancment in future phases, relying on whether or not that is possible and time/price efficient in making among the indicators much more correct. For instance, measuring clicks and downloads is an efficient however considerably basic indicator; ideally as many indicators as attainable would be capable to reveal how the extra specialised audience for this platform (policy-makers/practitioners) are accessing and utilizing the platform. The opposite indicators already accomplish that very effectively.


Annex 1: Phrases of Reference

Background and context

1. The House Workplace’s Trendy Slavery Innovation Fund (£11m from 17/18-20/21) makes grants to NGOs, universities and worldwide businesses to incentivise the event of progressive methods of tackling trendy slavery. The target of the fund is to construct the proof base on tackling trendy slavery and determine what works.

2. There are presently 10 tasks being funded, accounting for £6m of the Fund and working for 2 years as much as March 2019. These contain seven intervention tasks (addressing trendy slavery ‘on the bottom’ in Africa and Asia) and three analysis tasks (two tutorial papers and a brand new UN ‘Information Platform’). The intervention tasks embody sufferer help and awareness-raising by the Salvation Military in Nigeria and the Philippines, baby safety capacity-building by the NSPCC in Ghana and Vietnam, and provide chain mapping by the NGO Goodweave.

3. To evaluate the extent to which these tasks have achieved their goals and meant affect, and to determine classes to tell future programming, the House Workplace is commissioning an finish of venture assessment to be accomplished in Spring 2019.

4. A mid-term assessment passed off in Spring 2018 which focussed on the efficiency of the tasks in every space of exercise and classes for the second 12 months. This assessment discovered that 9 out of ten of the tasks had been on monitor to ship deliberate outcomes.


5. The first goal of the assessment is to evaluate the efficiency and affect of the MSIF tasks towards their acknowledged goals and targets as a way to draw out classes and what works to handle trendy slavery to tell future HMG and different companions trendy slavery programming.

6. The first viewers for the assessment is the House Workplace and its MSIF programme companions. The assessment may also be shared with different HMG departments, the broader donor neighborhood and organisations working to sort out trendy slavery.

Scope and targets

7. The top-line assessment has the next goal: Present the House Workplace, programme implementers and different related stakeholders with an evaluation of the efficiency of the tasks funded by the MSIF, and with related and actionable suggestions and classes as to which kinds of tasks, improvements and actions present probably the most promise for tackling trendy slavery.

Timing, anticipated outputs and indicative work plan

8. The assessment can be carried out through the remaining months of the venture’s’ supply in early 2019. Will probably be break up into three phases: preliminary desk assessment, nation visits and synthesis/report writing. Indicative timelines and deliverables for every part are outlined beneath.

9. The first output for this work can be a accomplished assessment doc, now not than 70 pages. This could embody an govt abstract and prioritised desk of suggestions. That is excluding annexes. There could also be scope to current findings at a dissemination occasion(s).

Timeline Job Output
twenty first Jan-1st Feb Doc assessment Inception/methodology word (to incorporate detailed assessment questions, information assortment plan/ area go to plan and interview matter guides (to be signed off by House Workplace/SU M&E adviser))
18th Feb-18th March Challenge visits: Interviews (probably 7 nations to be visited)
twenty ninth April-Seventeenth Could Synthesis/Write-up Draft report submitted
Twentieth-Thirty first Could Ultimate drafting Ultimate report, presentation of findings to key stakeholders (TBC)

Indicative Evaluation Standards and Questions

10. The assessment will assess the Part 1 interventions towards the next standards. Excessive stage sub questions are supplied for every, however these will should be developed additional in dialogue with the House Workplace MSIF workforce. Every standards has been given a weight to reveal the approximate focus that must be positioned on every through the assessment.

Standards Questions Weight

(Fund stage) Did the tasks goals and targets stay in keeping with the targets of the MSIF, and broader HMG targets on trendy slavery?

(Challenge stage) Have been the interventions chosen (and their meant outcomes) related and acceptable for the communities/people focused?


(Challenge stage) Have the tasks achieved the outputs and outcomes as set out of their outcomes frameworks?

(Challenge stage) Which areas of exercise have been only in reaching their outcomes?

(Fund stage) To what extent have the tasks contributed to the six targets set out within the Trendy Slavery Innovation Fund?

(Fund stage) How effectively has the fund carried out in its goal to check progressive approaches to tackling trendy slavery as a way to construct the proof base?

Effectivity (Value effectiveness/VfM) (Challenge stage) Do the outcomes of the tasks symbolize worth for cash?

(Challenge stage) Are there any good/greatest follow examples of effectivity demonstrated by the tasks, what may be discovered from these?

Influence (Fund stage) What contribution has the funding in these tasks made to the proof base and understanding of what works in tackling trendy slavery?

(Challenge stage) How impactful has every venture been?

(Challenge stage) Have there been any unintended outcomes (optimistic or unfavourable) because of the tasks?

(Challenge stage) What had been the actual options of the tasks that made a distinction?

Scalability/Sustainability (Challenge Stage) Are the advantages of the tasks more likely to be sustained after the tasks finish?

(Challenge stage) Are there particular venture components/actions that might be transferred to different nations/contexts? Are there particular venture components/actions
that would/couldn’t be delivered at scale?

(Fund stage) To what extent are classes from these tasks in a position to inform future trendy slavery programming?


Cross-cutting points

11. The assessment must also take into account cross-cutting points the place related, notably in relation to problems with gender, energy relations, marginalisation and human rights.


12. The assessment will embody a mix of desk-based doc assessment, with web site visits and interviews with venture stakeholders (and beneficiaries the place attainable and ethically viable) to reply the assessment questions above. The desk-based assessment will primarily take a look at outcomes frameworks/venture plans and quarterly reporting merchandise and must be used to determine particular themes, outcomes and/or points to be explored in additional depth by interviews with key stakeholders and beneficiaries throughout venture visits. The findings and evaluation from the desk-based assessment can be synthesised with these from the interviews to attract out general findings and proposals. Concurrently to this assessment, among the tasks can be conducting their very own end-line critiques/evaluations. The synthesis/write-up part of this assessment has been delayed till Could to permit this overarching assessment to attract on the findings of the venture stage evaluations.


13. The information obtainable is primarily comprised of qualitative narrative reporting, with some primary quantitative administration info information. The extent of knowledge is variable throughout the ten tasks. Among the tasks are already planning, or might resolve to conduct their very own end-line evaluations at venture stage. It isn’t clear at this stage if and when this info can be obtainable to the reviewers, although it’s almost definitely to turn out to be obtainable after the nation visits are accomplished, through the synthesis and write up part.

Annex 2: Methodology

The top-line assessment of the MSIF will interact with tasks at two ranges. The primary assesses the supply (outputs) of the person tasks, and the second engages with the outcomes.


Indicators within the outcomes framework can be used to evaluate the outputs of the venture. As well as, OECD DAC standards can be used to evaluate the tasks, evaluating relevance, effectiveness, effectivity, affect and sustainability. These standards can be assessed by a assessment of documentation and a deep dive into the seven implementation tasks. Deep dives will contain area visits to venture nations. Interviews can be performed with key personnel on the British Excessive Fee/Embassy that supported the venture (the place related), venture groups, venture companions or stakeholders, and beneficiaries (extra element of particular interviewees are included for every venture beneath).

For the analysis tasks, interviews may also be performed with venture groups, venture companions or stakeholders, and beneficiaries, both in particular person of through Skype. Initiatives can be evaluated broadly primarily based on the questions beneath. Particular questions can be tailor-made to every venture primarily based on their outcomes framework, in addition to the particular person being interviewed.

Excessive-level framework and questions for venture critiques


Have been the interventions chosen (and their meant outcomes) related and acceptable for
the communities/ people focused?

How was the native context wherein the venture was to be delivered included into venture design?


Have the tasks achieved the outputs and outcomes as set out of their outcomes frameworks?

Which areas have been the best in reaching their outcomes? How is the audience outlined? What’s the proper one?

How have the tasks responded to the suggestions of the mid-term report?


Do the outcomes of the tasks symbolize worth for cash?

Do the venture’s actions draw on present proof and analysis of excellent follow?

Are there good/ greatest follow examples of effectivity demonstrated by the tasks, what may be discovered from these?


How impactful has every venture been?

Have there been any unintended outcomes (optimistic or unfavourable) because of the tasks?

What had been the actual options of the tasks that made a distinction?

What M&E programs have been put in place to measure venture efficiency and affect, together with outcomes frameworks? Are these ample and sturdy?

How a lot has every venture modified behaviour and the way is that measured/evidenced within the information assortment/outcomes frameworks?


Are the advantages of the tasks more likely to be sustained after the tasks finish?

Are there particular venture components/ actions that might be transferred to different nations/ contexts?

Are there particular components/actions that would/ couldn’t be delivered at scale?

How had been danger components recognized in a strong method? To what extent do tasks adhere to a ‘do no hurt’ coverage?


To know how the tasks have contributed to the MSIF targets and determine classes that contribute to a greater understanding of what constitutes greatest follow responses to trendy slavery, the deep dives may also use final result harvesting. This technique provides insights into (i) what outcomes/outcomes a programme has achieved, (ii) why the outcome was achieved, (iii) what else might have led to the recognized outcomes, and (iv) what extra we will do to get to our affect. The result harvesting methodology is designed to generate insights:

  • within the type of verifiable proof from programmes that ship ‘softer’ kinds of outcomes,
  • on outcomes that aren’t simply predictable in the beginning of a programme (these for which we can not create arduous indicators),
  • the place outcomes are delivered by a number of influences/actions (some exterior the scope of the programme itself, for instance), and
  • to assist map the change pathways used throughout the logic of the programme to determine the place there are gaps between the actions and meant outcomes.

The hybrid methodology we’re proposing is qualitative in nature and depends on an appreciative inquiry strategy in the way in which that questions are posed to respondents (each for surveys and interviews). This technique depends on questions which can be open and elicit reflection on broader goals. It provides insights on what has led to outcomes (contribution relatively than direct attribution of actions), thereby producing proof of what works and why.

Annex 3: Defining affect – a possible framework for exploring kinds of behavioural change

Many of the tasks not directly search to affect behavioural change. Contextual components dictate the start line and the way a lot effort is required to realize that change, who must be focused and the way. To be able to the perceive the affect of the MSIF it’s helpful to contemplate how tasks contribute to behavioural change.

The determine beneath is an intervention pyramid (tailored from the counter terrorism/countering violent extremism area)[footnote 2] which offers a helpful technique of visualising what kind of behavioural change an intervention is in search of to realize. There may be robust proof that well-designed interventions that search to realize systemic/holistic change, involving a number of stakeholders, are extra probably to achieve success in the long run.

This figure is an intervention pyramid (adapted from the counter terrorism/countering violent extremism space) which provides a useful means of visualising what sort of behavioural change an intervention is seeking to achieve.

As defined by the pyramid behavioural change interventions could also be considered alongside a spectrum, with totally different goal audiences, timeframes and intervening stakeholders. Every context will outline what is feasible, and the place interventions must be targeted. For instance, in South Africa, labour exploitation has not been considered as a significant issue, so earlier than any direct interventions had been applied, a major quantity of consciousness elevating was required to boost labour exploitation as an space of concern.

At one excessive is broad-brush work to take care of underlying components within the long-term (backside of pyramid). On the different are very focused interventions targeted on rapid motion to interdict behaviour already underway (high of pyramid). A fourth class lies exterior the pyramid however overlaps with the opposite classes throughout the pyramid, is round participating with policymakers and different structural energy holders or brokers on trendy slavery points. Right here it’s the behaviours of those coverage makers/establishments/related authorities counterparts that an intervention is in search of to vary.

  • Class III initiatives are preventative. They take a broad-brush strategy and goal the broader neighborhood the place there are already indicators of a problem related to trendy slavery occurring. Whereas this is a vital class to raised perceive the dynamics and acquire better traction for contemporary slavery, this class is a precursor for change within the different classes.
  • Class II initiatives are transformative. They intention to focus on ‘in danger’ people who’re most susceptible to being recruited into trendy slavery, in search of to stop exploitation by difficult the permissive atmosphere.
  • Class I initiatives are ameliorative, participating in environments the place trendy slavery has already taken place. These initiatives interact with and rehabilitate people who’ve already been subjected to trendy slavery. Many tasks might want to interact with this class, whereas additionally in search of to remodel the state of affairs by participating in classes II, III and IV.
  • Class IV, which lies exterior the pyramid includes initiatives which, at a macro stage, form and create coverage frameworks/processes related to tackling trendy slavery. The first audience is state actors and doubtlessly civil society organisations who’re invited to participate in coverage discussions. Engagement on this class alongside the others is essential to reaching long-term structural change.

Greatest follow takeaway: The extra impactful tasks funded by MSIF work throughout a number of classes within the behavioural change pyramid, in search of to interact with a number of levers to remodel the dynamics of recent. Nonetheless, participating in behavioural change is determined by the start line and the urge for food for change. In some contexts, important broad-brush consciousness elevating could also be wanted (i.e. engagements might have to start in class III) to create a gap for extra substantive change or extra direct engagement with at-risk people (i.e. transfer ‘up’ the pyramid to classes II and I).

The varied classes require distinct methodologies as the kind of behavioural change and the first viewers is totally different. The extra subtle tasks had been in a position to develop tailor-made methodologies for every class. Once more, the potential for this is determined by the context. Future tasks must be inspired to interact throughout the classes to the extent attainable.

It’s notably essential for tasks to handle the structural points that result in trendy slavery. Initiatives must be inspired to contemplate transfer past a give attention to people and communities affected by trendy slavery to interact with class IV stakeholders, together with authorities counterparts and different powerbrokers. This has been completed in probably the most impactful tasks.


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